The first thing we need to limit the intake of salt. Is that the daily salt intake of all patients with nephrotic edema is the same?
Of course not! The more severe the edema is, the less salt is consumed. The specific principle is: The daily salt intake of patients with severe edema should be 1.7 to 2.3 grams; the daily salt intake of patients with mild to moderate edema is 2.3 to 2.8 grams.
Patients with severe edema associated with severe hypoalbuminemia should be given a protein intake of 1g/kg body weight (eg, 50kg of protein per day for a protein intake of 50g) when controlling proteinuria; Patients with moderate edema should consume 0.5-0.6g of protein per kilogram of body weight per day, and at the same time ensure heat supply.
In addition to these, edema patients also need to pay attention to: many patients with edema, all the time thinking about drinking water ... but the doctor's restrictions on drinking water. For health, scientific drinking water is still needed.
First of all, you have to learn to calculate the amount of water in and out, because the amount of water you drink is related to the amount of urine. Therefore, you need to calculate the amount of drinking water through the amount of urine. The formula is: the patient's daily intake = the previous day's total urine + 500 ml is appropriate.
This water intake also includes the hidden moisture content of daily intake of food. For example, the water content of fresh fruits and vegetables has reached 65%, so the recessive water content should be included in the calculation of patients' intakes.
In addition, patients with oliguria or anuria in the final stages of disease should not blindly limit water intake to prevent further deterioration of renal function. It should be treated differently for the purpose of protecting the residual renal function of the patient.上一篇：Five things about treatment for Nephropathy