Urine protein is an important index in early stage of kidney disease, which can reflect renal function. Some kidney patients in the early examination, it is because this index is abnormal, further examination, confirmed kidney disease, timely and effective treatment.
Proteinuria is also an indicator throughout the entire course of nephropathy and is a risk factor that threatens the independence of renal function. Therefore, to avoid the progression of renal function, it is critical to reduce proteinuria.
Limit salt intake: it is important to limit salt intake in patients with hypertension and proteinuria. The effect of sodium salt on blood pressure is well known. But reducing salt intake can also reduce protein levels.
For these patients, we usually use antihypertensive drugs that have a protein lowering function, such as Pori and Sartan drugs. If excessive intake of salt, it will lead to some of the drug efficacy is offset, can not achieve the expected effect of lowering protein and blood pressure is not conducive to the protection of renal function. And most likely the medicine you take is wasted.
Under normal circumstances, the daily intake of salt can not exceed 5g, you can buy salt control spoons such as 2g, 6g, so that you can more accurately grasp the daily intake of salt.
Limit protein intake: usually many people feel that since a lot of protein leakage, avoid malnutrition, should add more protein, this is better for the body. In fact, when there is a lot of proteinuria in the patient, a normal diet is good, without additional supplements of large amounts of protein. Because after the impairment of renal function, the filtration rate has declined, and after the leakage of protein, more proteins are supplemented, which will only leak more and more, but aggravate the damage to the kidney function.
Normal daily intake of protein per person at 0.8 g/kg is normal. In addition, patients try to intake high-quality protein, such as meat, eggs, milk, soybean protein, more easily absorbed.
Weight control in the normal range: patients with kidney disease, especially diabetic patients with kidney disease, weight control is conducive to reduce the metabolic burden on the kidneys to maintain proteinuria stability. The level of weight can affect the condition of calorie, protein, and moisture that the patient needs to consume. If overweight not only increases the burden on the kidney but also requires more food to meet the body's needs for nutrients and calories, it will produce more waste material. Not conducive to reducing the burden on the kidneys.
For patients who are overweight, they must find a way to reduce their weight. The accurate weight formula is calculated according to bim's formula, and the body mass index = body mass ratio (height * height / height).
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