Normal human purine intake can be as much as 600 ~ 1000 mg / day, and gout patients should not exceed 100 to 150 mg per day in the onset of arthritis. Patients with hyperuricemia, especially gout, should take a low-purine diet. So what does it mean for doctors to say low-purine diet?
Low-purine diets are meant to reduce the synthesis of purines. Purine is a component of nuclear proteins and is the source of uric acid.
Based on the purine content of foods, we can pide foods into low-purine foods (<25 mg purine per 100 grams of food), medium-purine foods (25 to 150 mg purine per 100 grams of food) and high-purine foods (per 100 Grams of food containing purine 150 ~ 1000 mg) three categories.
Low Purine Diet Principles:
1, Adequate supply of carbohydrates and fats, proteins and salts should be controlled. Rice, corn, flour and products can be used. If there is no adverse effect on the heart and kidney, should drink plenty of water, daily drinking water should be maintained at 2000-3000 ml, increase urine volume (preferably to maintain about 1500 ml per day) to promote uric acid excretion and stone formation.
Daily intake of protein 0.8-1.0g/kg body weight is appropriate, the daily protein supply can reach about 60g. Mainly milk and eggs, you can eat river fish in moderation, you can also eat lean meat and poultry in moderation, but it is best to boil it in pieces, let purine dissolve in water, and then eat it in soup. Daily salt does not exceed 6g is appropriate, generally controlled at about 2 to 5 grams.
2, Cook with stew, boil, boil, steam, blanch, etc.Food should be as digestible as possible.
3, use more foods rich in vitamin B1 and vitamin C. Available food: rice, noodles, milk, eggs, fruits, and various vegetable oils. Vegetables can be eaten except for asparagus, celery, cauliflower, and spinach.
4 Disable the liver, kidney, brain, oysters, crabs, fish, broth, chicken soup, peas, lentils, mushrooms, etc., a variety of strong seasonings and foods that enhance nervous excitement such as wine, tea, coffee, and spicy foods. It is advisable to limit the consumption of soy products.
Patients with gout must be banned from alcohol, especially beer, which are most likely to lead to gout attacks and should be absolutely prohibited.
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