Chronic kidney disease is a common disease in China and around the world. Different diet will have an impact on kidney disease, the world's most authoritative Evidence-based Medicine Database believes that the best diet for most patients with chronic kidney disease is similar to the dash diet.
DASH meal is not complicated, contains the following elements:
Low sodium (low salt). Control salt below 6 g per person per day, note: 1 g salt ≈ 400 mg sodium. Eat more vegetables and fruits, and minimize snacks, sweets, drinks. Usually eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, they can provide rich vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber and other nutrients.
Appropriate amounts of soy, dairy, poultry and fish, while less red meat and processed meats. The main sources of daily protein are soybeans (such as tofu and soymilk), milk, poultry (such as chickens, ducks, geese, etc.) and fish, replacing them with red meat (red meat such as pig, cattle, sheep, donkey meat and other animal meat are red meat). Try to eat less processed meat (ham bacon, fish, bacon, etc.).
Of course, patients with these high-protein foods can not be too much, so soy, dairy, poultry and fish should be stopped.
Staple food such as rice, bread and other energy is the main source of energy, but raw materials are not recommended to use all high-precision fine white rice flour category, but thick and fine collocation. Coarse grains such as brown rice (unprocessed rice), oats, millet, buckwheat, corn and other nutrients provided by vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber richer than polished rice noodles, rice noodles to eat too much easier to cause high blood sugar , while appropriate with coarse grains is not easy to cause high blood sugar.
It is recommended to reduce the use of animal oils such as lard, butter, palm oil and other saturated fatty acids, while most vegetable oils, such as sunflower seed oil, are recommended to use less saturated fatty acids, such as lard, butter, palm oil, etc. Rapeseed oil, olive oil, soybean oil and so on polyunsaturated fatty acid content is higher.
Red meat is rich in heme iron, which is helpful to improve anemia. For anemia patients with nephropathy, it is not recommended to eat red meat at all, such as 50g red meat per day, or with pig blood, duck blood and other iron-rich animal blood.
If blood potassium is high, some vegetables and fruits with high potassium content should be restricted. In general, patients with chronic kidney disease before the fourth phase do not need to limit the potassium, because potassium-rich diet is more conducive to cardiovascular health, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of kidney stones and bone loss.
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