The diet of hemodialysis patients is the concern of the patients, so what do the hemodialysis patients pay attention to? Patients with kidney disease should follow the principles of high protein, high calorie, low potassium and low phosphorus diet. In daily life, should change the pattern to eat, improve the appetite of patients.
Hemodialysis patients do not have low protein diet
Some dialysis patients think it is wrong to eat a low protein diet during dialysis. Because when dialysis, some of the protein will be lost along with dialysis fluid, patients should instead increase protein intake, the daily intake of 1 ~ 1.2g/kg.
At the same time should also be sufficient intake of calories, daily intake of 30 ~ 35kcal / kg of calories. In order to reduce uremic patients with lipid metabolism disorders, should eat less animal offal, animal fat, eat eggs, fish, beef and other high-quality animal protein.
Limiting water in hemodialysis patients
Hemodialysis patients should strictly control the intake of water, such as excessive water, there may be heart failure, high blood pressure, acute pulmonary edema and even lead to death. Such as a large number of ultrafiltration, there will be low blood pressure, vomiting, muscle spasms, through fatigue and so on. To reduce the thirst, avoid drinking tea, espresso, add lemon slices or mint leaves to the drink, or make some drinks in the ice, with good thirst in the mouth.
Restriction of sodium, potassium and phosphorus in hemodialysis patients
Dialysis patients should strictly control the intake of sodium, potassium, phosphate, daily consumption of sodium 6 grams or so, if severe hypertension or edema, should be limited to 3g / day. Hemodialysis patients with potassium easily increased, hyperkalemia can lead to severe arrhythmia, and even cardiac arrest.
What do diet patients notice? Therefore, diet should avoid eating high potassium foods, such as oranges, grapes, bananas, peanuts and so on. In order to reduce the content of potassium in the diet, the green leafy vegetables soak for half an hour or more, eat soup, vegetables should be peeled, sliced, boiled after immersion in water. In addition, patients should eat more high calcium and low phosphorus foods, such as egg yolk, animal offal, bone marrow, etc., nuts, food containing more phosphorus, should avoid eating more.
Above is the introduction of hemodialysis patients diet, because the patient's condition, so hemodialysis patients diet also need a professional doctor under the guidance of a reasonable arrangement of their own diet, to promote the recovery of the disease.
Beijing In China