End-stage renal disease (uremia) patients, during hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis treatment, the diet should pay special attention. Because in the dialysis period, remove toxins in the body of the patient at the same time, and accordingly will discharge some nutrients, so patients in dialysis treatment after eating, not only to avoid the consumption of some adverse effects on the patient's body of food, should also pay attention to replenish nutrition. After dialysis, the diet should pay attention to the following points:
1. Peritoneal dialysis will cause patients to lose some of the protein, so peritoneal dialysis patients should pay attention to the diet supplement high-quality protein, such as eggs, dairy products contain high-quality protein. But need to be careful everything should be moderate, protein intake should not be excessive.
2. The patient's diet should be as low as phosphorus, potassium, sodium. Phosphorus-containing foods are: Cola and other beverages; high potassium foods are: bananas, orange juice, potatoes, dried apricots, spinach, etc .; high sodium foods are: pickles, bacon and other preserved foods Salt, MSG and other condiments. Patients with uremia should be light on the diet, minimize salt and MSG and other spices.
3. Fat intake should not be too much. Such as margarine, lard, palm oil, peanut oil, corn oil, olive oil and so on, all contain higher fat, which may cause hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
In addition to daily life to pay attention to develop a scientific and rational eating habits, to maintain a positive and optimistic attitude is also conducive to improving the quality of life of patients.
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