Nephrotic syndrome is a kind of kidney disease. It is very important to take treatment of the disease, but we must also pay attention to the life care. The correct nursing can help us recover earlier. So what should patients with nephrotic syndrome eat?
1 Low-fat diet intake: Because patients with nephrotic syndrome have hyperlipidemia, it makes the blood viscosity, which can cause atherosclerosis and glomerular injury, as well as hardening, so patients should pay attention to the diet to choose low-fat foods, less oil in diet, mainly light.
2 The intake of high-protein diet: Due to nephrotic syndrome hypoproteinemia, a large number of plasma proteins excreted from the urine, lower body protein in protein malnutrition, prompting the liver's ability to synthesize albumin, if the diet can Given enough protein and calories, the patient can synthesize albumin up to 22.6 grams a day, thus effectively neutralizing the negative nitrogen balance and improving hypoproteinemia. The daily protein intake is generally claimed to be 1 g / kg weight, in addition protein lost in daily urine.
3 The related trace elements supplement intake: nephrotic syndrome patients, due to the increased permeability of the glomerular basement membrane, in addition to losing a large number of urine protein, but also lose some of the protein and trace elements and hormones, relative lack of human calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and other elements, so should be given appropriate supplements. General can eat vegetables, fruits, grains, etc rich in vitamins and trace elements to be supplemented.
4 Sodium salt, water intake: due to a high degree of edema daily limit the amount of water intake, including the intake of intravenous fluids and drinking water intake should be less than the amount of urine. Low salt diet should be taken during edema to avoid exacerbation of edema, the daily salt intake generally less than 2g is appropriate. Patients should be prohibited to take pickled foods, take less aginomoto and alkali.
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