For the treatment of kidney disease, nephrologists said that a reasonable diet is also able to assist in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome. It not only can supplement the body's needs, but also enhance the body's resistance to prevent some diseases, but in the diet must pay attention to restraint. Therefore, diet and nephrotic syndrome have a great relationship.
Protein intake: nephrotic syndrome, a large number of plasma proteins excreted from the urine, human protein is reduced and in the state of protein malnutrition, hypoproteinemia plasma colloid osmotic pressure decreased, resulting in stubborn edema refractory body resistance also will be decline. Therefore, in the absence of renal failure, patients should be given a high-quality protein diet, such as fish and meat in the early stage. This helps to alleviate hypoproteinemia and subsequent comorbidities.
However, high-protein diet can increase renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate, glomerular capillaries in a state of high pressure, while intake of large amounts of protein also increases urinary protein, can accelerate glomerular sclerosis. Therefore, for patients with chronic nephrotic syndrome should intake a small amount of high-quality protein, as long as the occurrence of chronic renal damage, should be low-protein diet.
Nephrotic syndrome patients to control sodium intake: Nephrotic syndrome patients should be particularly prone to edema, and edema is caused by the increased content of sodium in the human body, nephrotic syndrome patients should take low-salt diet, so as not to aggravate edema, in the diet should follow certain principles, generally daily salt intake less than 2g is appropriate, avoid taking pickled foods, less use of aginomoto and alkali, edema subsided, plasma proteins close to normal, you can resume the general diet.
Due to the increased permeability of the glomerular basement membrane in patients with nephrotic syndrome, in addition to losing a large number of protein in urine, but also lose some of the protein and trace elements and hormones, resulting in lack of human calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and other elements, should be given appropriate supplements. Generally can take vegetables, fruits, miscellaneous grains, seafood and so on rich in vitamins and trace elements.
Kidney disease patients also need to limit water intake: edema is obvious and urine is less, should be appropriate to limit the amount of water intake, generally slight edema, without undue restrictions. Fat intake: Patients with nephrotic syndrome often have hyperlipidemia. This can cause atherosclerosis and glomerular injury, hardening, and so should be restricted animal offal, fat, some seafood and other foods rich in cholesterol and fat intake.
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