Chronic renal disease refers to abnormal renal-related examination, such as hematuria, proteinuria, renal biopsy pathological problems, B-ultrasound showed renal morphological changes, or decreased renal function, etc., and the course lasted more than three months.
According to the degree of decline in renal function, chronic kidney disease is pided into five periods. The fifth phase of the final treatment of the general need to rely on dialysis, kidney transplantation, and 1-4 to conservative treatment based. Chronic kidney disease 4 as the last "pass" before dialysis, the effectiveness of its treatment determines whether patients need dialysis treatment, when to start dialysis treatment, so the whole process of treatment of great significance.
However, the development of chronic kidney disease and eating habits are closely related to relying solely on drug treatment can not achieve satisfactory results. Only in the drug treatment on the basis of relying on the patient's own diet conditioning, two-pronged approach to work. So, chronic kidney disease 4 diet should pay attention to what?
1, the diet should be light to the principle of eating less greasy, spicy food; cooking methods to steam, cook, stew and so on, less use of fried and so on.
2, the use of high quality, low protein diet principle. High-quality protein food refers to lean meat, chicken, fish, eggs, milk, etc., the best intake of these foods accounted for more than 60% of the total daily protein intake; low protein is the total protein intake remained 0.6g protein / kg body weight / day, of course, the specific amount can be calculated by a physician or dietitian.
3, without diabetes, should be based on the control of the protein, to ensure adequate supply of heat, can try to use wheat starch food instead of rice as a daily staple food. The finished products of these foods include: horseshoe cakes, silver needles, fans, lotus root starch, etc., or buy their own wheat noodles made of noodles, dumplings, steamed bread and so on. If combined with diabetes, sugar, honey, sugar, sugar drinks, etc. should also pay attention to food.
4, the appropriate food to add vitamins, but should fasting carambola, Shenxi some hot and humid fruits such as mango, pineapple, lychee, longan, etc., not more than 200g per day, should not eat immediately after eating, should eat 2 hours after a meal.
5, edema, hypertension and oliguria patients to limit the salt, less than 3 grams per day. And eat or not eat pickles, fermented bean curd, preserved eggs, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate and other foods containing high sodium, because the main ingredient of salt is sodium chloride, these foods contain more sodium.
The above is about chronic kidney disease in 4 patients with dietary conditioning related to the introduction of different patients with the situation is different, so we choose the diet, we must carefully choose, if necessary, please consult your attending physician, or consult our online expert.
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