Diet is the basic condition of human life, and to make people live healthy and happy, full of vitality and wisdom, not only satisfied with the stomach, but also must consider the rational allocation of diet to ensure that the body needs a variety of nutrients Into the balance and adequate, and can be fully absorbed by the body, and each person's diet characteristics also largely affect our physical condition. However, our college album to remind you that unscientific eating habits will induce disease, aggravate the disease, affecting the treatment of the disease. And many patients with kidney disease often due to the diet is not strict and a variety of complications or aggravate the condition.
1.Low salt and low fat
Limit salt: kidney disease such as swelling or high blood pressure, should limit the amount of salt, the general daily intake of salt to 2-4g is appropriate. Because low-salt diet is conducive to avoid water and sodium retention, to prevent increased edema and high blood pressure. Low fat: fat can cause atherosclerosis, and kidney disease itself is the performance of renal arteriosclerosis, so we should use more plant fat, eat less animal fat, and daily intake of vegetable oil control in the 60-70g below. Vegetable oil such as soybean oil, sunflower oil, olive oil or peanut oil instead of animal fat as a source of energy, with little saturated fatty acids, and contains more unsaturated fatty acids, it will not only make arterial sclerosis, but also lower cholesterol The
2. High quality low protein
Excessive intake of protein can increase the burden on the kidneys, so to control the total amount of protein intake. But the protein as an important nutrient, is the human body can not be missing, especially essential amino acids can not be synthesized by the human body must be from the outside intake, so the need for more high-quality amino acids should be guaranteed. The specific implementation is to minimize the plant protein, because the plant protein contains a lot of purine base, excessive intake will increase the burden on the kidney, appropriate to add milk, eggs, fish, lean meat and other animal protein.
3. Add heat
Lack of heat will use the body's own protein, so that creatinine, urea nitrogen increased, aggravating the condition, so make up the heat is extremely important. In low-protein diet, the heat supply must be sufficient to maintain normal physiological needs, daily intake of 30-35 kcal / kg body weight of heat. You can choose some high calorie and low protein content of the staple food, such as potatoes, lotus root starch, fans, taro, sweet potatoes, yam, pumpkin, water chestnut powder, water chestnuts powder, so that the total calorie diet to achieve the standard range to ensure supply and demand balance.
The above is about the diet of patients with nephropathy, if you have other questions about kidney disease , you can consult our online experts.
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