Diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy is a common complication of these two kinds of chronic diseases, as secondary nephropathy, the nutrition requirements, similar to primary nephrotic, and nutritional principles of diabetes and high blood pressure or have a certain influence, especially in the aspects of protein species. Many patients mistakenly think that is more conducive to a vegetarian diabetes and hypertension disease control, but in fact it is not.
Vegetable protein, non essential amino acid content is high, the biological utilization rate is low, excessive intake will increase the burden on the kidneys. A vegetarian, but will accelerate the nephropathy complications. Therefore, for patients with hypertension and diabetes should be appropriate to eat a vegetarian, but excessive intake of animal protein and plant protein restriction. For example, milk. Egg, meat and other high quality protein, there are certain advantages in the prevention of renal complications. But not excessive intake of protein foods, one egg per day, protein need one cup of milk a day is enough, high blood lipid to eat egg yellow.
Beans and bean products are rich in protein, is a major source of protein for vegetarians, but beans and soy products will increase the burden on the kidneys, so that patients with secondary nephropathy according to the condition of proper use, need not be seen as a threat and the absolute prohibition of soy bean products. But the interchange with meat and eggs should be food, to prevent the total protein exceed the standard. When the decline in renal function, should not eat soy products.
Due to renal potassium excretion function to reduce nephropathy, if hyperkalemia, often cause harm and even endanger the life of the body, so it should be appropriate to limit high potassium foods, daily should be less than 1500-2000 milligrams. Like fruits and vegetables, apples, pears, pineapple, watermelon, grapes, potassium content is low. Edible. While high potassium foods such as spinach, rape, leek, tomato, kelp, bananas, peaches, should be appropriate restrictions; but it does not mean that absolutely can not eat, but should eat selectively in the total range, at the same time to avoid the consumption of concentrated fruit juice, gravy; when there is low blood potassium. Should eat high potassium food.
You can choose some staple foods, high in calories and low protein content like potatoes, taro, lotus root starch, vermicelli, sweet potato, yam, pumpkin, water chestnut powder, water chestnut powder, total calorie intake reached the standard range, ensure the balance of supply and demand. The winged animal soup to drink, eat less spicy seafood and Hot pot. Don't eat spicy food.
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