95% of the salt in the diet is metabolized by the kidneys. Excessive intake of salt will aggravate the burden of the kidneys. Meanwhile, the sodium in the salt will cause the human body not to drain easily, forming edema and increasing the burden of the kidneys.
Excessive salt intake can increase blood pressure, and the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs is not significant, but hypertension is a major factor in promoting chronic glomerular diseases. Therefore, low salt diet on chronic kidney disease prevention and management is very important.
Low salt diet refers to adult daily sodium intake should be less than 2000 milligrams per day, cooking with salt restriction in 2-4 grams or 10-20 ml of soy sauce, eat salted processed food, such as sausages, salted eggs, pickles and so on.
Some patients even healthy people have a misunderstanding, think less salt is better. In fact, excessive salt restriction, will lead to low serum sodium content caused by nerve, mental symptoms, loss of appetite, weakness, dizziness and other phenomena, there will be severe anorexia, nausea, heart rate, blurred vision and other symptoms, say on medicine for the low sodium syndrome.
With the condition of adjustment of nephropathy in patients with mild hypertension and salt intake. Poor renal function, daily salt intake control in 4 grams; end-stage renal failure: uremic patients appear obvious edema or elevated blood pressure, should limit salt; now, automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) because the completion of dialysis in patients with sleep, become a way of home treatment.
Dialysis patients need appropriate to add a small amount of salt, in order to meet the needs of the body; when patients with hypotension, low blood sodium, diuretics or summer sweating, salt intake should also be adjusted. How to control the salt intake, the patient must consult a doctor, don't try to call the shots.
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