Nephritis can be pided into many types, according to the initial causes can be pided into primary glomerulonephritis and secondary glomerulonephritis. Acute nephritis, chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, iga nephritis and other primary nephritis; purpuric nephritis, lupus nephritis, diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, etc. known as secondary nephritis. Diet on the rehabilitation of the disease is very important, the following describes the principles of nephritis diet:
1, the supply of protein, the general supply should be the normal demand, adult daily weight per kilogram of 0.8 to 1.0 grams. And the use of high physical value of protein, such as eggs, dairy, meat, etc., to compensate for the loss of excretion, to avoid and treatment of edema and anemia.
2, if accompanied by high blood pressure or hyperlipidemia, those who should limit the diet of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol levels. For cases of anemia, should be rich in protein and iron foods, such as liver, kidneys, beef, egg yolk and green leafy vegetables.
3, should see patients with high blood pressure and swelling of the situation, were given less salt, no salt diet.
4, water without restrictions, can drink orange juice, watermelon juice, orange juice, fruit water and vegetables, etc., to diuretic swelling.
5, should use rich in vitamin A, B2 and C food.
Acute nephritis patients to use high carbohydrates to supplement the body heat, therefore, in the diet staple food occupies an important position. In fact, a single staple food from the nutrition point of view is not very reasonable, omnivorous is more conducive to health, should try to use more varieties of staple food, such as cornmeal and rich powder to do cake or Wotou with rice porridge. Acute nephritis patients diet on the requirements of fruits and vegetables is rich in vitamins, low potassium, low sodium, such as vegetables can choose tomatoes, rape, onions, etc., fruit can eat apples, strawberries, grapes, oranges and so on. The choice of protein is generally beef, milk, octopus, eggs and other high-quality animal protein-based, but to limit, can not eat too much.
For acute nephritis patients commonly used soup there are three fresh melon soup, shepherd's purse egg soup and so on. Patients and their families can be different according to their own preferences, do not violate the principle of acute nephritis diet under the premise of modulation of the above recipe.
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Dietary principles for nephritis.
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