Renal failure diet: two low two school appropriate
Low protein, low phosphorus, high quantity of heat, high titer, appropriate appropriate vitamins and minerals, trace elements, can be summarized as "two
Low two school appropriate."
1, low protein diet A low protein diet can relieve symptoms of uremia (1) (2) improve the complications (3) slow progressive deterioration. Protein is multi-purpose
Steamed soup cooking, use less.
High quality protein such as eggs, milk, fish, lean meat should be as the main source of protein, such as the total amount of protein intake of 50 ~ 70%, and all
Uniform distribution in the three meals. Using a low protein diet, must ensure that the patient has plenty of heat supply and get the Italian protein can be ensured
Use, or ketoacidosis, endogenous protein damage and weight loss; In order to plant protein restriction ratio, should as far as possible
Choose the food containing protein low or starchy foods.
2. Low phosphorus and low phosphorus diet can slow down the development of chronic renal failure, it is a low protein diet, because food phosphorus content is proportional to the protein
; 2 it is to avoid eating high phosphorus of liver, brain, egg yolk. Meat, fish, boiled water consumption, after not drinking broth is a kind of effective measures
3. The high quantity of heat If insufficient heat, can lead to tissue protein decomposing ability to reduce, and demand increase of protein and amino acids, the illness
4. High biological titer To contain the food with much essential amino acids (EEA), often refers to the animal food.
5. Appropriate trace elements, vitamins and minerals Vitamin refers to B and E; The lack of trace elements zinc and iron, should also be appropriate to add
6. Water and electrolyte into the amount of urine in patients with over 1000 ml and no edema, in order to keep the urine output, encouraging patients to extra water during the day
, but if there is edema, oliguria, heart failure, etc., should control the intake of water, in and out of balance. For sodium salt, edema, high blood
Pressure, and heart failure, should be less than 3 grams per day, without the above situation can into 4 ~ 6 grams. The high potassium limit foods high in potassium, such as all kinds of fruit juice
, mushrooms, nuts, oranges, bananas, etc., urine or loss of potassium, sodium patients is appropriate supplements potassium, sodium, including food and medicines.
High potassium foods are: rice bean, tofu skin, yu lanpian, soy beans, mung beans, green beans, cowpea, preserved vegetable, mushroom, kelp, dry
Lotus seed, ha and out (dry), curry powder, mushroom, carrot (salt, dry), seaweed, peanuts, peppers, mushrooms, dried scallops, each more than food
Hectogram k content in more than 1000 mg).
Chronic renal failure patients must adjust their own water and electrolyte balance, guarantee the stability of the environment in the patients.
Beijing In China