The diet of diabetic nephropathy
Diabetes control are not satisfied with diabetic nephropathy is one of serious complications, after. When kidney dysfunction, light rise in blood pressure, body lack of power; In the reproductive dysfunction, edema, male impotence, testicular atrophy, etc.; Or completely lose life self-care ability, and even may be taken. So, need to keep high vigilance against diabetic nephropathy in diabetic patients, from the start, we should strengthen self care and self, especially must begin from the diet, and reduce the pressure of the kidney. The following is a detailed description of diet of Diabetic Nephropathy.
A, diet of Diabetic Nephropathy,glycemic control is very important. Increasing blood sugar, can induce fat cholesterol metabolism disorder, promote the glomerulus. Renal capillary sclerosis of intimal thickening degeneration, loss of normal function. The key to control blood sugar, is a strictly limited quantity of heat is taken, the second is that taking hypoglycemic, 3 it is to avoid emotional and infection factors can cause blood sugar fluctuations.
B, salt intake should be limited. In order to protect the kidney, reduce the work load, a person with diabetes should as far as possible taste lighter dishes, salt intake should be within the 7 grams per day, severe renal failure should also limit your intake of water. C, potassium and protein restriction appropriately. Acidosis appear easily because of diabetic nephropathy and hyperkalemia, once appear, will induce arrhythmia and hepatic coma, therefore, should be temperance drinks containing potassium, potassium fruit intake c protein should be controlled in 0.6 0.8 g/kg bw/day, and it is beautiful digestible fish, lean meat, because plant protein is not easy to absorb, can increase the kidney burden. In addition, potassium is higher in protein, control protein is taken to a certain extent, is conducive to the limit of potassium. D, intake sufficient vitamins and trace elements. In particular, vitamin B, vitamin
C and zinc, calcium, iron, etc., can be up to the kidney protection. Variety of trace element in the Jin Weikang, appropriate proportion, taking convenient, a daily. Vitamin E can be used to 11 international units per day, vitamin C 0.3 grams per day, the quantity of them slightly bigger also just as well.
Diabetic nephropathy spicy
Diabetic nephropathy as complications of diabetes, diet and diabetes and difference, because the diet of diabetic nephropathy principle requires high-quality low protein diet. The so-called quality, milk protein is the best, followed by eggs, egg protein, followed by fish protein, lean proteins, and plant protein for inferior protein, such as the steamed bread, rice, soy products, daily contain protein, should limit, lest increase burden of the kidney.
Pay special attention to don't eat the food of can irritate the kidney, such as mustard, hot pepper, can accentuate otherwise kidney disease. Patients with diabetic nephropathy need to hold the amount of staple food daily at 250 ~ 300 grams, can eat more vegetables. Although have proteinuria, but normal renal function, daily protein intake is the best appropriate relaxation of 80 ~ 100 g is advisable.
In addition, the diet should also pay attention to high calcium low phosphorus, usually high calcium things tend to have high phosphorus, such as liver, pork ribs, dried small shrimps, ZhuangGuFen, is certainly high phosphorus, unfavorable eat more.
Diabetes affects glomerular filtration function, when the glomerular filtration ability to a certain extent, some toxic substances will accumulate in the body, renal failure occurs at this time. Most people with diabetes have varying degrees of renal failure, kidney filtration ability drops, can lead to a large number of protein in urine in vitro, thus forming proteinuria.
This is the doctor to check the reason of urine protein for you. When diabetes the first damaged glomerular filtration function, part of the circulation of the blood protein in urine in vitro, called albumin, due to containing a small amount of albumin in urine, often referred to as trace albuminuria. If the disease is severe, almost loss of renal excretion function, must be on dialysis, even need a kidney transplant.
The folk prescription of diabetic nephropathy:
Notoginseng broth: 1 female chickens (250 ~ 300 grams) unhairing, miscellaneous, notoginseng (play), dangshen each 20 g and radix pseudostellariae, straight ladybell 30 grams into the chicken internal and sewed up with lines, to chicken stew, eating chicken soup, score meals (with renal insufficiency is protein intake) should be restricted. The function of nourishing Yin, activating blood nourishing blood. Attending Yin deficiency and blood stasis type diabetic nephropathy.
The folk prescription of diabetic nephropathy:
Mountain soup: 100 g fresh mountain, 10 lotus seeds, lotus stamen 10 grams, add right amount water decoction. 1 / day. The function of the spleen, kidney fixation, water. Attending diabetic nephropathy; See proteinuria battlefield.
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