What are the main symptoms of kidney stones

What are the main symptoms of kidney stones

Kidney stone is a common disease of the urinary system in summer, the incidence rate is very high, here we introduce the main symptoms of kidney stones, kidney stones patients hope early to find the stone, as early as possible treatment.

Kidney stones may exist for a long time without any symptoms, especially large stones, small stones of big, small stones into the ureteropelvic junction or ureter, can cause severe peristalsis, in order to promote stone discharge, and angina and hematuria.

Kidney stones can be pided into pain and pain. The vast majority of patients, about 40% ~ 50% of the waist and upper abdominal intermittent pain history. Pain is usually located in the rib angle, waist or abdomen, most of the paroxysmal, can also be persistent pain. When the pain is mild, it may only be manifested as lumbar swelling or discomfort. Renal colic is a severe pain, often sudden onset. The pain often radiates to the lower abdomen, groin, thighs, and the female to the labia.

Renal colic, patients with acute B25F in the face, reducing exergy in bed, hands pressed abdomen and waist, and rolled in the bed moaning unceasingly, often for a few hours but the attack, also can be a few minutes to ease. Renal colic patients with serious, pale, cold sweat, pulse fine and even speed, lower blood pressure, a state of collapse, at the same time, nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension and constipation, can be misdiagnosed as acute abdomen. In the attack of angina, the volume of urine is decreased, and the urine is increased. Renal colic relieved after symptomatic treatment, but also to stop, but after remission for several days, still feeling weak, waist soreness pain.

Hematuria is another major symptom of kidney stones. Pain, often accompanied by gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria, after the majority. A large number of gross hematuria in kidney stones is rare, physical activity, hematuria can be aggravated, kidney stones can be treated for painless hematuria.

Patients with kidney stones can be discharged sand history in urine, especially in pain and hematuria occurs, mixed with sand or small stones in the urine through the urethra, stones, obstruction or pain, for pain and hematuria suspected renal calculi, X films showed calcification, should be closely observed without sand discharge, such as collecting stones, the need for analysis, in order to provide reference for prevention and control.

In addition to the usual manifestations of kidney stones, infectious stones have their own characteristics. Infection stones grow fast, often show moose horn, developing X-ray film, often accompanied by persistent or recurrent Proteus and other pathogens in urinary tract infections. Fair reported in 1970, in the stone cracks, even in the core calculus, are in possession of pathogens, antibiotic is not easy to achieve it is difficult to eliminate them, stop after antibiotic treatment, the surviving bacteria and caused a stirring among the dry bones, recurrence.

If after nephrolithotomy there is still residual stone left, quickly grew into staghorn stone, because stone is not easy to take the net, can not eliminate the urinary tract infection, so that the stone recurrence rate is high, the end result of calculi and obstruction and infection leads to impaired renal function, can also be secondary to renal hemorrhage, even emergency nephrectomy. Such patients are strongly alkaline urine, often under the microscope pus cells and red blood cells, urine culture bacterial growth

 

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