Nutrition and Early Kidney Disease (Stages 1–4)

Nutrition and Early Kidney Disease (Stages 1–4)

Why is good nutrition important for people with kidney disease?

Making healthy food choices is important to us all, but it is even more important if you have kidney disease (CKD).  Good nutrition can help to:

Provide energy to do your daily tasks

Prevent infection

Avoid muscle-mass loss

Help maintain a healthy weight

Slow down the progression of kidney disease

Will I need to change my diet if I have kidney disease?

Your kidneys help to keep the right balance of nutrients and minerals in your body. But if you have kidney disease, your kidneys may not be able to do this job very well. You may need to make some changes to your diet.

  A dietitian can teach you to make the best food choices based on your lab tests and personal lifestyle.  Making changes in your diet to better control diabetes and high blood pressure can also help to keep kidney disease from getting worse.  Meeting with a dietitian is a covered service by Medicare.  The service may also be a covered benefit by other types of insurance. You may need to call your insurance provider to find out if meeting with a dietitian is covered by your plan. 

What kinds of changes will I need to make to my diet?

There is not one eating plan that is right for everyone with kidney disease. What you can or cannot eat may change over time, depending on how much kidney function you have and other factors. Also, if you are following a special diet for diabetes or heart conditions, you will need to continue to follow it as well.

People with kidney disease may need to control the amount of protein, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and calcium in their diet.   If your kidney disease gets worse, you may need to limit other nutrients as well. Your dietitian or healthcare provider will tell you if you need to do this based on your blood test results. 

 

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