Many people know that hypertension patients prone to stroke, in fact, hypertension and uremia is also very closely related. If hypertension is not treated effectively early, it will eventually develop into uremia with renal insufficiency. 15% of hypertension will develop into uremia, and the blood pressure control is good or bad, directly affects the occurrence, development, curative effect and prognosis of uremia.
Keep your blood pressure at an ideal level. The census found that less than half of the patients who knew they had high blood pressure had less than 12.5% of those who had hypertension, and only 2.9% were able to control blood pressure at an ideal level. Therefore, in the whole society to carry out publicity of hypertension, improve everyone's awareness of the dangers of hypertension imminent.
Close monitoring of renal function. Keeping blood pressure at the ideal level is a prerequisite for the prevention of renal dysfunction. At the same time, we should closely monitor the renal function of patients with hypertension. Specific measures for:
Regular examination of renal function, including endogenous creatinine clearance rate, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen, should be done 1 times every 2 months.
If there is a close observation of the early symptoms of uremia, such as fatigue, backache leg soft weakness, loss of appetite or nausea and vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms, and sallow complexion, pale tongue, pale lips, eyelids etc. anemia. Once related symptoms, renal function should be checked in time to confirm whether there is any abnormality.
Patients with lower creatinine clearance rate, higher serum creatinine and higher urea nitrogen should be treated in time according to the early treatment of uremia.
Rational use of drugs and treatment options. There are many kinds of antihypertensive drugs with different indications. The basic principle of choosing antihypertensive drugs is no nephrotoxicity or protective effect on kidney. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers and beta blockers can protect the kidney at the same time of lowering blood pressure. In terms of the treatment of hypertension, such as the use of Western medicine at the same time, lowering blood pressure, with regulating the rise and fall, tonifying the liver and kidney of traditional Chinese medicine, to maintain the stability of blood pressure and protect renal function has a good effect.
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