The severity of uremia and its harm

The severity of uremia and its harm

Uremia is the final stage of renal injury, due to various causes of chronic renal parenchyma damage, can not excrete a variety of metabolic waste and can not degrade some endocrine hormones, resulting in its accumulation in the body and cause toxic effects. Uremic toxins include: small molecules containing nitrogen substances, such as guanidine, urea, uric acid, amines and indoles and other protein metabolites; molecular toxic substances: including excessive blood retention of hormones: such as parathyroid hormone Etc .; macromolecular toxic substances, such as glucagon, β2 microglobulin, lysozyme and so on. The above-mentioned small, medium and macromolecule substances, some toxic to humans, some in the normal concentration, harmless to the human body, but the blood level is too high, there will be toxic effects, causing some uremic symptoms, and with progressive deterioration of the disease to the end of the period when there is uremia.

The severity of uremia and its harm

1, digestive system symptoms: the most common symptoms of digestive system, almost every patient has loss of appetite, abdominal distension, nausea, vomiting, acid reflux, belching and so on.

2, blood system symptoms: uremic patients have varying degrees of renal anemia, often skin and mucous membrane bleeding tendency, manifested as subcutaneous ecchymosis, gingival and combined with subarachnoid hemorrhage, epistaxis and so on.

3, neuropsychiatric symptoms: uremia when the incidence of neuropsychiatric symptoms of 13% to 86%, mainly disturbance of consciousness, cranial nerve damage, muscle spasms and epilepsy.

4, respiratory symptoms: uremia pulmonary infection rate of 50%, the most common is bronchitis, bronchial pneumonia, suppurative bronchitis.

5, immune dysfunction: the incidence of urinary tract infection was 44%, gastrointestinal and skin infections are more common.

6, sexual dysfunction: male often accompanied by impotence, premature ejaculation, women often menopause or menstrual cycle disorders.

7, cardiovascular system symptoms: uremia with renal hypertension as high as 80% to 90%, manifested as headache, dizziness, severe vomiting, convulsions and other hypertensive encephalopathy performance. Uremic pericarditis incidence of up to 60% to 100%, 30% to 40% uremia pericarditis occurred pericardial effusion. Mainly for the precordial discomfort, chest tightness, chest pain. Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of uremic death, uremia due to vascular complications accounted for 64.3% of the death toll.

Read the above description of the severity of uremia and its harm, hoping to help you, if you have questions need a detailed understanding, you can consult our online experts, our experts will reply to you as soon as possible.

pre:What are the requirements of uremia diet?
next:Should uremic patients do dialysis or not?

Latest News

TCM Therapy

 Protect renal fuck "auxiliary upright Tongshantang kidney

Protect renal fuck "auxiliary upright Tongshantang kidney

Protect renal fuck auxiliary upright Tongshantang k ...

 In summer, the treatment of renal atrophy should pay attent

In summer, the treatment of renal atrophy should pay attent

The treatment of renal atrophy is mainly from worse ...

Treatment of uremia

Treatment of uremia

Treatment of uremia Uremia is the of all kinds of k ...

Experts teach you how to nurse the kidney

Experts teach you how to nurse the kidney

1. strengthening your physique condition and avoidi ...

Tags

Leave a Message

看不清?点击更换

Contact