Hemodialysis therapy refers to the use of artificial methods through the dialysis dialysate causes blood to a blood purification therapy to help purify the reversible uremia through danger and maintain end-stage uremia life, or prepare for renal transplantation. Well, how does hemodialysis patients have family care?
Maintain the subcutaneous arteriovenous anastomosis of the limbs, protect the internal fistula from the pollution, and make preparations for hemodialysis at any time. It is worth paying attention to the influence of the infection of the internal fistula on the blood flow. Cover the fistula with sterile gauze and disinfect the fistula with Iodophor before covering. Pay attention to the wound from the water soaked gauze, once wet, must be promptly replaced. Pay attention to protect the arteriovenous fistula from injury. Once bleeding, you must go to the hospital to deal with it. You must not handle it yourself.
Observe the appetite, body temperature, skin yellow stain and so on to prevent malaria, viral hepatitis, AIDS and so forth. If there are suspicious symptoms and signs, timely to the hospital for examination of Plasmodium, liver function, HBsAg and HIV determination, in order to timely detection and timely treatment. To observe the curative effect of hemodialysis, regular review of renal function, blood routine.
Avoid the use of nephrotoxic drugs such as kanamycin, basil, gentamicin, colistin, rifampin, neomycin, cephalosporin, II, quinolones, etc.. To prevent a cold, avoid cold, avoid causing serious infection, active treatment of septic shock. Hepatitis B vaccination is necessary if necessary.
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