In our surroundings, there are a lot of people will appear uremia because of some other factors, it’s influence is very large, and also affect the life of patients, resulting in patients with nausea and vomiting, the disease continuous development, also affect human health, we need to pay attention to the complications, avoid lead nerve dysfunction and metabolic disorders, so what is uremia complications?
(one) symptoms of the nervous system
Symptoms of the nervous system is the main symptoms of uremia. In the early stages of uremia, patients often suffer from dizziness, headache, fatigue, memory loss and other symptoms. With the aggravation of the disease, irritability, muscle tremors and convulsions can develop, and finally develop apathy, lethargy and coma.
(two) symptoms of digestive
The earliest symptom of the digestive system in patients with uremia is loss of appetite or indigestion. Anorexia, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea may occur when conditions worsen. The occurrence of these symptoms may be the intestinal bacteria and urease resolve urea into ammonia, ammonia to stimulate gastric mucosal inflammation and multiple superficial ulcer etc.. The patient often complicated with gastrointestinal bleeding. In addition, nausea and vomiting are also associated with dysfunction of the central nervous system.
(three) symptoms of cardiovascular system
Chronic renal failure due to renal hypertension, acidosis, hyperkalemia, sodium retention, anemia and toxic substances can occur heart failure, arrhythmia and myocardial damage. Because urea (possibly uric acid) stimulation effect, can also have sterile pericarditis, patients with precordial pain and physical examination; when the smell and pericardial friction sound. In severe cases there is fibrin and bloody exudate in the pericardial cavity.
(four) symptoms of respiratory
When acidosis occurs, the patient is slow and deep breathing, and when he is severe, he can see the particularity of acidosis, Kussmaul breathing. The patient's exhaled breath has a taste for urine, which is due to bacteria breaking down the urea in the sleeping fluid to form ammonia. Pulmonary edema, fibrinous pleurisy or pulmonary calcification can be found in severe patients, and pulmonary edema is related to heart failure, hypoproteinemia and retention of sodium and water. Fibrinous pleurisy is urea stimulation induced inflammation; pulmonary calcification is caused by calcium phosphate deposition in lung tissue.
(five) skin symptoms;
Itchy skin is a common symptom in patients with uremia, may be caused by toxic products of receptors in the skin irritation; others think that related by secondary hyperparathyroidism, because after parathyroidectomy, the pain relieved immediately. In addition, the patient's skin is dry, desquamation, and tan. Changes in skin color were previously thought to be the cause of increased urine pigmentation, but absorption spectrophotometry was used to show that the skin pigment was mainly melanin. In the exposed parts of the skin, slight contusion can cause skin ecchymosis. Since sweat contains a higher concentration of urea, the white crystals of urea are known at the mouth of sweat glands called urea creams.
We need to pay attention to these common symptoms, but also in daily life, we must pay attention to diet control effectively, we usually need to pay attention to rest, comprehensive conditioning, we need to pay attention to eating less spicy food, do not eat greasy things, in clinical has a lot of patients with this disease, but we must pay attention to control the disease reasonably.