Uremic patients in the treatment process, the body nutrition will continue to drain, condition for a long time, the body will be more overdrawn, if we can pay more attention to some problems in the diet, increase the absorption of the nutrients, make yourself more physical to fight disease. Therefore, we should remind the uremic patients particularly note in the diet, including perse varieties of staple food, in order to increase the patient's appetite; daily intake of salt, total daily body must pay attention to selection of vitamin rich vegetables and fruits. Specific introduction:
Enough calories to completely store human proteins. If inadequate supplementation can lead to malnutrition, too much supplementation can lead to hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. The energy intake is mainly Cereals, and less sucrose and fruit foods. Try to eat less fat, especially animal fat.
Eat more milk, eggs, lean meat, fish and other animal proteins, eat less soy products and other plant proteins, because the utilization rate of plant protein is low, it will aggravate uremia. Protein deficiency is more common in elderly patients. Muscle atrophy, weight loss, and the amount of protein needed are relatively high.
Dietary fiber not only prevents constipation, but also lowers serum cholesterol and glycerin three fat. The amount of fiber needed per day is about 20 grams. Food fiber rich in potatoes (potatoes, sweet potatoes, etc.), coarse grains (cornmeal, sorghum flour, buckwheat flour, oat flour, etc.), vegetables, fruits and hard fruit food (peanuts, walnuts and so on). Hemodialysis patients can provide 20 grams of dietary fiber if they consume 270 grams of vegetables a day.
Patients with little urine or fewer dialysis and high potassium levels must strictly control foods containing potassium, such as pears and bananas. Those with high blood pressure, edema, or high blood sodium should control sodium intake, consuming 4~5 grams or less per day. Less urine, high blood pressure, edema patients should also strictly limit drinking water, the amount of water should not exceed the amount of urine discharged.
These are some of the diet of uremia patients that should pay attention to some of the introduction, and if you have other problems, you can consult our online doctor or give us a message, we will reply to you as soon as possible.
pre：Fitness is good for uremia rehabilitation?
next：Uremia is liable to cause some kinds of complications (a)