Hemodialysis, mainly in the treatment of uremic creatinine high comparison. After hemodialysis, the body's strength has been a lot of loss, so what is good for the body, is the focus. Tong Shantang kidney disease experts on the diet is summarized: follow the high protein, high calorie, low potassium, low phosphorus diet rules. In daily life, should change the pattern to eat, increase appetite.
What contraindications to hemodialysis diet, as follows:
Limited water: hemodialysis patients should be strictly to control the water access, if too much water, may show high blood pressure, heart failure, acute pulmonary edema and even death. If a large number of ultrafiltration, will show vomiting, low blood pressure, muscle spasms, through weakness and so on. To reduce the thirst, should be away from drinking tea, espresso, can be added in the drinks lemon slices or mint leaves, or part of the drinks made of ice, containing the mouth in a better thirst quencher.
Note that low-protein diet: Many people think that doing dialysis should eat low-protein diet, this is wrong.
As a result of dialysis, part of the protein will be accompanied by loss of dialysate, the patient should increase the protein acquisition, the daily acquisition of 1 ~ 1.2g / kg. At the same time should also get enough heat, need to get 30 ~ 35kcal / kg of calories a day. For the reduction of uremic creatinine high incidence of lipid metabolism imbalance, should eat less animal offal, animal fat, eat more fish, eggs, beef and other high-quality animal protein.
Limit sodium, potassium, phosphate: dialysis patients should be strictly controlled sodium, potassium, phosphate salt access, daily consumption of sodium 6g or so, if there is severe high blood pressure or edema, should be limited to 3g / day. Hemodialysis patients with potassium easily increased, hyperkalemia can cause severe arrhythmia, and even cardiac arrest.
In the diet, should be away from eating high potassium foods, such as orange, bananas, grapes, peanuts and so on. To minimize the amount of potassium in the diet, green leafy vegetables can be soaked for more than half an hour, less soup, rhizome vegetables should be peeled, cut into thin slices, soaked after boiling water.
In addition, Tong Shantang kidney disease experts said: should eat high calcium and low phosphorus food, such as animal offal, egg yolk, bone marrow, nuts, food is relatively more phosphorus, should eat less.
The above is about the diet of hemodialysis patients, if there are other problems can consult our online doctor, or leave a message to us we will reply to you as soon as possible. I wish you a speedy recovery!
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