Uremic patients are aware that the diet should be low-protein-based, usually have to pay attention to calcium, potassium, water, vitamins and so on. About uremic diet precautions, Tong Shantang kidney disease experts to introduce the following points.
Diet is rich in vitamins. Food is easy to digest and contain plenty of vitamins, especially vitamins b, c, d. To avoid rough food on the digestive tract of mechanical damage caused by gastrointestinal bleeding. Azotemia patients with good appetite, the heat should not be less than 35 grams per kilogram of body weight, but to the uremic period can only be seen as the patient's appetite. If the patient a lot of urine, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of drinking water.
Timely add water, salt. People with uremia are prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially in patients with long-term loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. In the event of a timely supplement. But should pay attention to uremic patients with poor water tolerance, sodium can not be excessive, so as not to cause hypernatremia or water poisoning.
Mainly in low-protein diet, in the azotemia and uremic patients should be mainly low-protein diet, and the protein to contain essential amino acids in animal protein-based, such as milk, fish, eggs, Lean meat and so on. Daily protein intake of 20 grams. This will not only maintain the body of the necessary amino acid supply, but also the body in the case of low protein supply non-protein nitrogen synthesis of non-essential amino acids, thereby reducing azotemia.
Pay attention to calcium, potassium. Uremic patients with potassium is generally low, the use of diuretics easily hypokalemia after the time, then you can eat some fresh fruit and potassium chloride. Uremic patients with calcium is often low, you can eat some high calcium foods, such as fish, shrimp, meat, bone soup and so on.
Uremic patients diet is very important, we have to listen to the doctor's orders. If you have any other questions about uremia or kidney disease, you can browse other pages of this website, or consult our online doctor or give us a message. We will reply to you as soon as possible.
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