Uremic diet principles include: low-protein diet, diet rich in vitamins, timely replenishment of water, salt, pay attention to calcium, potassium and so on.
1, low-protein diet-based
In azotemia and uremia patients should be mainly low-protein diet, and the protein to contain essential amino acids in animal protein-based, such as milk, eggs, fish, lean meat and so on. Daily protein intake of 20 grams. This will not only ensure the supply of amino acids necessary for the body, but also the body in the case of low protein supply non-protein nitrogen synthesis of non-essential amino acids, thereby reducing azotemia.
2, diet rich in vitamins
Food is easy to digest and contain plenty of vitamins, especially vitamin B, C, D. To avoid rough food on the digestive tract of mechanical damage caused by gastrointestinal bleeding. Azotemia patients with good appetite, the heat should not be less than 35 grams per kilogram of body weight, but to the uremic period can only be seen as the patient's appetite. If the patient a lot of urine, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of drinking water.
3, timely replenishment of water, salt
People with uremia are prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially in patients with long-term loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. In the event of a timely supplement. But should pay attention to uremic patients with poor water tolerance, sodium can not be excessive, so as not to cause hypernatremia or water poisoning.
4, pay attention to calcium, potassium is uremic diet principle important point
Uremic patients with potassium is generally low, the use of diuretics easily hypokalemia after the time, then you can eat some fresh fruit and potassium chloride. Uremic patients with calcium is often low, you can eat some high calcium foods, such as fish, shrimp, meat, bone soup and so on.
Uremic diet principles include the above aspects, we must pay attention to, according to doctor's advice diet, to avoid the occurrence of complications.
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