1, eat more milk, eggs, lean meat, fish and other animal protein, eat soy products and other vegetable protein, due to the low utilization of plant protein, will aggravate uremia. Protein deficiency is more common in elderly patients. Muscle atrophy, weight loss, the relative amount of protein required to be higher.
2, sufficient heat to ensure the storage of human protein. If the supplement is insufficient, can lead to malnutrition. Too much, can cause hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis and other diseases. The intake of calories in the main grain, eat less sugar, fruit foods. Try to eat less fat, especially animal fat.
3, food fiber to prevent constipation, but also help to reduce serum cholesterol and glycerin three fat. The daily food fiber needs about 20 grams. The rich food fiber content of potato (potato, sweet potato etc.), coarse grains (corn, sorghum, buckwheat, oat noodles), vegetables, fruit and nuts (peanuts, walnuts and other food). Patients with hemodialysis if you eat 270 grams of vegetables per day, you can provide 20 grams of dietary fiber.
4, the amount of urine or less dialysis, high blood potassium, the patient must be strictly controlled potassium containing foods, such as pears, bananas, etc.. Patients with severe high blood pressure, edema, or high blood sodium, should control the intake of sodium, eat 4-5 grams of salt a day or less. Oliguria, hypertension, edema of patients, should also be strictly limited to drinking water, daily drinking water should not exceed the amount of urine discharged.
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