The high risk group of acute kidney injury refers to the existence of certain factors, compared with the general population, the risk of acute kidney injury is extremely high. The first is the decline of the body function of the elderly. Patients with renal failure, the service center, said: "with the growth of the elderly, the size of the kidney, kidney reserve decreased, more likely to suffer from acute kidney injury."
The kidney is responsible for maintaining the stability of the human body environment, excretion of excess water and metabolic waste. According to the director of bovine heart, the basic unit of the structure and function of the kidney is a renal unit, each of which consists of about 1 million units. Since the age of 40, the number of renal function unit gradually reduced, approximately every 10 years and the kidney volume naturally reduced weight 10%; decrease of renal blood flow, every 10 years fell about 10%; glomerular filtration function also decreased year by year, about 8% every 10 years of decline.
"The kidney of the elderly to stimulate the external stress and the ability to compensate for the decline, coupled with a variety of other diseases, often doomed to the elderly belong to the high risk of acute kidney injury." Renal failure patient service center.
30% primary renal disease in patients with acute kidney injury
In reality, part of patients with acute kidney injury of preexisting chronic kidney disease (such as chronic glomerulonephritis, hypertensive nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy), some people think that most acute kidney injury is induced by kidney disease.
The service center in patients with renal failure, pointed out: "relatively healthy people, susceptibility to renal injury risk factors based chronic kidney disease patients increased significantly, therefore constitute another high-risk group of acute kidney injury. According to the statistical results show that the original kidney disease on the basis of acute kidney injury, accounting for about 30% of all patients with acute kidney injury."
According to the renal failure patient service center, in addition to the elderly and people with chronic kidney disease, the following two groups of people are also at high risk of acute kidney injury:
There are factors of renal ischemia - patients with large area burn, trauma, surgery and cardiac surgery, stem cell and organ transplantation, severe vomiting, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, pancreatitis, severe liver disease, severe infection, heart failure;
Patients with post renal factors, such as hypertrophy of the prostate and bladder contraction, lead to poor urination.
The service center for patients with renal failure suggest that ordinary people at least once a year the urine test, a simple urine routine examination need only a few dollars, provide useful clues for diagnosis of kidney disease can be found as soon as possible, for the existing basis of kidney disease, timely correction and removal of risk factors to provide help. As for the high-risk groups of acute kidney injury, vigilance, feeling unwell early medical treatment, according to the specific circumstances at any time, as appropriate, the detection of urine routine, renal function and renal B ultrasound.
Beijing In China