Pediatric nephrotic syndrome easily lead to complications

Pediatric nephrotic syndrome easily lead to complications

1, infection: infection is a common complication of nephrotic syndrome and the cause of death, common infections are pneumococcus, Streptococcus, Haemophilus influenza bacilli, Klebsiella bacteria and other bacterial infections; even complicated with the card Pneumocystis carinii infection, peritoneal , Lungs, skin often affected, the disease is susceptible to infection in addition to body fluids, cellular immune deficiency and complement factors; ascites can be used as a medium, hormones and immunosuppressive agents, so immune function is more susceptible to infection.

2, hypovolemic shock and acute renal failure

3, hypercoagulable state and thromboembolism When patients with kidney disease suddenly appeared low back pain (spinal rib angle tenderness), hematuria, renal dysfunction and hypertension should be highly suspected RVT, venous or arterial thromboembolic complications can occur, the incidence was 8.5% ~ 44%; such as femoral vein, pulmonary artery, femoral artery, mesenteric artery, cerebral artery, coronary artery, calf thrombophlebitis can be seen.

4, renal tubular dysfunction can occur a variety of substance transport disorders, such as diabetes, amino aciduria, increased urinary potassium, decreased urine concentration and so on.

5, protein, heat malnutrition due to the loss of a large number of long-term protein in urine.

6, lack of other trace elements, due to loss of urine zinc binding protein, ceruloplasmin, transferrin and zinc deficiency, lack of copper and iron deficiency; 1,25 - (OH) 2D3 synthesis disorders and long-term use of hormones, can Renal osteodystrophy and growth retardation.

Read the above introduction, I believe you have a certain understanding of kidney disease, if you have any questions about the kidney disease need to understand in detail, you can consult our online experts, our experts will reply to you as soon as possible.

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