In nephrotic syndrome, due to the increased permeability of glomerular filtration membrane to plasma protein, a large amount of albumin is lost from urine and causes a series of pathophysiological changes in clinical syndrome, which is characterized by large amount of proteinuria and hypoproteinemia. Hyperlipidemia and edema of varying degrees are characterized by primary glomerular diseases in childhood, the etiology of which is unknown and may be related to the immune dysfunction of the body. Unreasonable withdrawal caused exacerbation or recurrence of the disease, prolonged course of disease and difficult treatment.
Due to the younger age of the disease (more commonly seen in school-age children), poor self-care ability, it is necessary to strengthen a comprehensive understanding of the treatment and measures taken by the families of the patients, and to care and encourage those children who are depressed, pessimistic and depressed. To further clarify the treatment and recovery after the return to normal learning and life, so that children and parents to establish the confidence to overcome the disease, adhere to systematic and regular treatment.
Reasonable diet is an important link in the treatment of nephropathy. Parents make a reasonable diet according to the condition of the children, and often adjust the color, smell and type of food, satisfy the children's eating habits, encourage the children to cooperate actively. In severe edema, The protein period should be salt-free, high-protein diet, such as eggs, lean meat, etc. In edema, oliguria period should be limited protein intake; non-edema non-large protein period should be given appropriate amount of protein, after the use of diuretics, can be low-salt diet, A large amount of diuretic period can increase noodles, vegetable soup and other sodium-containing foods. After the normal urine edema subsided, remember not to over-limit salt, lest you lose your appetite, take hormones to increase your appetite, and should appropriately limit your calorie intake. To prevent weight gain or liver enlargement.
Because a large amount of protein is lost from urine in children with nephrotic syndrome, the immune protein in the body is excreted continuously with urine, and the body resistance decreases. After the use of a large number of hormones, the immunity is even lower, and it is easy to be complicated with various infections. It is necessary to keep the indoor air clean and reduce the visiting staff and bed attendants. The parents should assist the doctors and nurses to do a good job in the daily care of the children in order to enhance the ability of body protection.
Make a reasonable living system, except for proper bed rest during edema period, try to keep the children normal life and study, make the children happy, increase and decrease clothes in time, avoid to the crowded place, so as to avoid the cold cross infection.
Skin care and turn over, bath and oedema protection, bless children not to play knife, scissors and other sharp tools, to prevent skin scratch induced infection.
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