An important feature of children with nephrotic syndrome is the mass excretion of proteinuria, which is mainly caused by albumin. Calcium, which is easily bound to albumin in the blood, is also discharged from the body with proteinuria. At this time, the child is in a stage of growth and development, and the body is in a relatively high demand for calcium. It is easy to cause calcium deficiency in the body of children. If we don't pay attention to the lack of calcium food in time or ingestion, it will lead to low calcium in blood, induce hypocalcemia, convulsion of hand and foot.
In addition, the treatment of nephrotic syndrome requires long-term use of high-dose adrenal corticosteroids. Pharmacological studies have shown that hormones have a protective effect on the absorption of vitamin d and calcium by the gut wall of the body, which makes the body's calcium deficiency more severe. Thus easily lead to osteoporosis in children, activity prone to fracture.
Therefore, in the treatment of children with nephrotic syndrome, should be pay attention supplement vitamin d and calcium in order to make up for calcium deficiency, to avoid hypocalcemia convulsion, convulsion of hand and foot, osteoporosis and fracture, etc. This is what doctors, patients' families and patients should pay attention to when treating children with nephrotic syndrome. Parents should give their children more calcium food, and supplement with food at the same time, can alleviate or even avoid low calcium complications.
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