Getting nephrotic syndrome, diet is really a headache and a difficult problem. Firstly: Patients with nephrotic syndrome should be given a high quality protein diet if they have a large amount of proteinuria with hypoproteinemia. Secondly: edema should be low salt or no salt diet, at the same time, high calorie, high vitamin diet.
These are two very important points to pay attention to in the diet of patients with nephrotic syndrome. Besides, what should we pay attention to in the diet of patients with nephrotic syndrome?
High protein. If the renal function is normal, the supply should be determined according to the amount of urinary protein loss. Add 24 hours urinary protein loss. High quality protein should account for more than 50% of total protein. Choose high quality animal protein as far as possible. However, if kidney failure or renal failure occurs, protein intake should be limited immediately. Fat. General circumstances do not have to strictly limit fat, lest affect appetite, but should pay attention to the choice of fat types, should be more rich in fatty acids rich vegetable oil. Daily dietary fat less than 20% calories.
Plenty of carbohydrates. The average adult needs 30 kcal / kg of calories per kilogram a day to make the most of the protein.
Inorganic salt, vitamins and dietary fiber. Should pay attention to calcium supplementation in the diet, it is best to drink 400 ml milk every day. At the same time, to increase vitamin D E and B vitamins. Ensure adequate daily intake of fresh vegetables and fruits. Also increase dietary fiber intake to help reduce blood ammonia.
Limit the intake of sodium and water. Depending on the degree of edema and hypertension, you may be given a low-salt, salt-free or low-sodium diet. Foods that are high in salt, such as pickles, pickles, salted eggs, tofu milk, and monosodium glutamate. The intake of salt should be strictly limited when treating with high dose of hormone. The intake of water is generally 500 g / 800 ml before 1st.
Iron, zinc. Hypoalbuminemia often accompanied by refractory anemia, eat more lean meat, fungus, jujube, cinnamon, red beans, and so on, at the same time, zinc deficiency, in addition to oral zinc preparations, promote diet supplement zinc, such as beef, egg yolk. Fish, etc
Mastering the above 6 points can help the patients with nephrotic syndrome to provide great help in the choice of daily diet and teach us how to make the right choice and consumption of food.
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