Pediatric nephrotic syndrome is a group of clinical syndromes caused by a variety of causes characterized by marked swelling of the body, extensive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, and hypercholesterolemia. The incidence of the disease is more common in children aged 3~6 years, and more boys than girls, easy to relapse and delay, long course of disease. The cause of nephrotic syndrome in children is not clear, and the following diseases can lead to nephrotic syndrome in children:
Primary nephropathy: associated with functional disorders of the immune system. Simple nephropathy is a common type of disease, especially in the age of 2~7. In addition to the symptoms of nephropathy, without microscopic examination, hematuria or high blood pressure, more than 90% of the renal biopsy is small lesion type. Nephritis is more common in children over 7 years of age. In addition to kidney disease symptoms, with microscopic hematuria, hypertension or renal biopsy, except small lesions, a proliferative variant, membranous proliferative and sclerosing.
Secondary nephropathy: secondary to malaria, mosquito bites, lupus erythematosus, allergic purpura, metal or drug poisoning, etc..
Congenital nephrosis: less common, arising in infancy.
Warm prompt: children nephrotic syndrome belongs to the treatment of refractory disease, easy to relapse, while the course of disease is longer, parents must actively seek scientific and rational treatment for children, should not only use hormone therapy. At the same time, parents must manage good food and daily life, should not let the children play too much outdoors, can not let the child too tired.
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