What is the elderly nephrotic syndrome? Nephrotic syndrome in the elderly belong to non Medicare disease is not contagious; nephrotic syndrome in the elderly patients are pided into two categories: one is the primary nephrotic syndrome, is one of the most common manifestations of primary glomerular disease; the second is caused by systemic disease, called secondary nephrotic syndrome.
The typical symptoms of senile nephrotic syndrome are proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, high edema and hyperlipidemia. If there are elderly people with these symptoms, it is very likely to suffer from senile nephrotic syndrome
. In addition, if the elderly infection (pharyngitis or tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract infection), and cold or overwork, will cause nephrotic syndrome
in the elderly.
The following are typical symptoms of nephrotic syndrome in the elderly:
Early in ankle edema: early morning when the eyelid and facial edema, with the progression of the disease, there will be systemic edema, and the emergence of thoracic and abdominal and scrotal hydrocele, and pericardial effusion,in elderly patients with severe edema can be heart failure .
Hypoproteinemia: the decrease of plasma total protein, mainly the decrease of plasma albumin, mostly in 10 ~ 30g/L (1 ~ 3g/dl), occasionally down to 5.8g/L (0.58g/dl);
A large number of proteinuria: urinary protein >3.5g/24h, severe up to more than 10 grams, showing selective or non selective proteinuria
Hyperlipidemia: most patients have elevated blood cholesterol, phospholipids, and three acyl triglycerides. A large number of proteinuria and hypoproteinemia are essential for diagnosis
The above is a detailed description of the elderly nephrotic syndrome
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