Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia, and edema. Most of these patients are children. At present, the etiology of the disease is not very clear, but many experts believe that the relationship may be closely related to allergies. Therefore, the adrenal cortex hormone has already become the first choice medicine at home and abroad, and the basic medicine is prednisone (prednisone). However, because of the large amount of hormone needed for the treatment of kidney disease and the long duration of it, it is easy to have more side effects and complications. Therefore, during the course of the whole hormone treatment, the patients should be strengthened. The clinical experience of many of the confirmed, actively carry out the work in the following three aspects, can significantly reduce the side effects and complications, and can guarantee that hormone therapy is not interrupted, so as to improve the cure rate, reduce the recurrence rate.
Preventing respiratory tract infection
Upper respiratory tract infection is a common disease that is also a major cause of interruption of hormone therapy and kidney disease recurrence. Therefore, prevention of upper respiratory tract infection should be placed in an important position. The key link is to strengthen prevention, timely change of clothing with the change of the weather; as little as possible with or without the patients go to crowded places; to prevent heatstroke, cold and cross infection; keep the indoor air fresh and circulation, maintain appropriate temperature and humidity.
Prevent skin and mouth infections
Because the use of hormones can make the body resistance and immunity decline, and thus skin damage or oral cavity unclean, patients with good infection. In this regard, one should pay attention to allow patients to bathe, wash their hands and feet, to keep the skin clean; two patients in the bath should not be too hard, to prevent skin abrasions, and prevent the knife, scissors and other sharp instruments to skin damage; three is to pay attention to oral hygiene, do mouthwash (including meals and medication with warm boiling water gargle) and daily brushing 2 to 3 times; the four is frequently check oral, once found oral inflammation or ulcer, should promptly use boric acid or compound borax solution mouthwash, and available smecta and Yunnan Baiyao coated oral ulcer, to promote ulcer healing as soon as possible. If the family or family lack experience, or do not have the above drugs, should go to the hospital department of Stomatology promptly.
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