Treatment of pyelonephritis is not just a simple treatment, in the treatment should also take good care. So, what to pay attention to in the treatment of pyelonephritis? Nursing care of patients, will affect their physical recovery, so patients should know the precautions during treatment, the following article is the introduction of what to pay attention to in the treatment of pyelonephritis by nephrologists.
First, the diet and rest: the patient should eat light and nutritious food, supply multivitamins, drink plenty of water, daily water intake to more than 2500ml, in order to increase urine output of bacteria and inflammatory substances on the urinary tract to reduce inflammation of the bladder and Urethral stimulation, and can reduce the hypertonic environment within the kidney, it is not conducive to the breeding of bacteria. In the first week of acute exacerbation and fever to bed rest, chronic pyelonephritis is generally not suitable for non-exacerbation of heavy physical activity.
Second, avoid eating fatty, spicy and warm foods: such as leeks, onions, garlic, pepper, ginger, lamb, dog meet, etc, to prevent dryness-heat growth. Fatty food hinder the transporter, cause dysfunction of the spleen in transportation and assisting wetting and filling, endogenous dampness, aggravate the condition. Avoid drinking and smoking. At the same time also to control the amount of salt to prevent over salt damage kidney.
Third, pyelonephritis patients should eat light, nutritious, easily digestible foods: eat fresh fruits and vegetables, such as watermelon, melon, both sweet and cold, detoxification can clearing away heat and toxic material, using diuretic of hydragogue to alleviate water retention.
Fourth, regulate mood: acute onset of acute pyelonephritis, patients often due to lack of awareness of the disease and anxiety and tension and other emotions, chronic pyelonephritis due to the longer duration of the patient prone to irritability, nursing staff should be for different patients to understand their anxiety and causes of stress, psychological counseling and health education.
Five, high fever care: fever is the body's reaction to bacterial infection, it is conducive to the body to kill bacteria. 39 ℃ below, no special circumstances, you can wait until the onset of antibacterials, the body temperature on their own decline, but to do a good job of patients and their families ideological work. Excessive body temperature (> 39 ℃), can affect the heart and brain and other vital organs function, should be physical cooling, such as alcohol sponge bath, ice pack cooling, warm water sponge bath and other measures, if necessary, given drug treatment.
The above is about the treatment of pyelonephritis attention to what the introduction, want to know more about pyelonephritis related knowledge, please consult online experts, experts will do introduce for you in detail.
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