What should patients with primary nephritis pay attention to?

What should patients with primary nephritis pay attention to?

What should should pay attention to in the primary nephritis diet, severe edema and oliguria, appropriate restrictions on drinking water; in high-dose hormone therapy or edema, should be given low-salt diet. Protein intake to maintain the body needs and add urine loss can be, have a brief introduction about it!

What should patients with primary nephritis pay attention to?

In summer, there are many varieties of fruits and vegetables, and the color, aroma and appetite are very attractive. However, patients should strictly follow the rules of diet and must not eat too much, so as not to increase the burden on the kidneys. Although such as watermelon can induce diuresis detumescence, Qingre heat, but more food is urine frequency also increased the burden on the kidneys, in Watermelon Sugar in vivo is a potential crisis of cumulative disease. 

Some children have an appetite for ice cream or ice cream to quench their thirst. If occasionally, a few times is not taboo, if blindly Tanliang of useless disease. Because of the cold and can damage the gastrointestinal function, so that the stomach failed to run, are not conducive to the disease. If the occurrence of acute enteritis for the sake of cool ,then every illness repeated or aggravated. Therefore, patients are careful with cold drinks in summer.

Carbohydrates should account for 60% of the total energy. Fat and high blood lipids coexist, should first correct hypoproteinemia; fat should account for the total energy ≤ 30%, limiting cholesterol and saturated fatty acid intake, increased unsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acid intake. Water is significantly edema, should limit the amount of water.

Daily water intake = daily urine volume plus 500-800ml. Sodium chloride is generally controlled in 3-5g/d, and edema should be adjusted according to total blood protein and blood sodium level. Potassium supplements potassium preparations and potassium rich foods according to blood potassium levels. Right amount of foods rich in vitamin C and vitamin B. Increasing dietary fiber can help reduce blood ammonia and reduce acidosis.

Protein: because of the large loss of protein, traditional nutrition treatment advocates high protein diet. But the clinical practice proved that when the energy supply of 35kcal/d, protein 0.8-1.0g/ (kg - D) supply, albumin synthesis rate close to normal, decreased protein decomposition, hypoproteinemia improved, lowering blood lipids, can achieve positive nitrogen balance. Such as energy supply unchanged, protein supply >1.2g/ (kg = D), protein synthesis rate decreased, albumin decomposition increased, hypoproteinemia was not corrected, urine protein increased. This is because the high protein diet can cause high filtration and promote glomerulosclerosis. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) can reduce urinary protein and increase serum albumin.

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