Glomerulonephritis is a common form of nephropathy in various renal diseases, but this does not mean that patients may not pay attention to the treatment of glomerulonephritis.
10 kinds of hazards of glomerulonephritis:
Anemia: it is related to the decrease of erythropoietin secretion and the differentiation, maturation and release of erythrocytes.
Hematuria: hematuria is caused by a marked increase in permeability of the capillary wall of the glomerulus or disruption of the capillary wall. It is found in capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and focal glomerulonephritis.
Damage to the skeletal system: chronic glomerulonephritis affects the normal growth of human bones and causes deformities of the bones. At the same time, chronic glomerulonephritis can cause calcium separation in bone tissue, resulting in cramping, osteoporosis and bone pain.
Proteinuria: due to a variety of inflammatory mediators and vasoactive substances, so that capillary permeability increased, protein filtration, causing proteinuria, seen in various types of glomerulonephritis.
Edema: increased capillary permeability throughout the body resulting in mild edema. More common in capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis. Retention of water or sodium in the body due to oliguria or absence of urine. It is found in capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis and sclerosing glomerulonephritis. High levels of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, and decreased plasma colloid osmotic pressure cause high levels of edema. It is seen in minimal change, glomerulonephritis, membranous glomerulonephritis, membranous glomerulonephritis, etc..
Impairment of the heart and lungs: chronic glomerulonephritis can lead to a certain degree of edema in the heart and lungs and renal hypertension.
Central nervous system symptoms: headache, dizziness, loss of appetite, fatigue, insomnia, etc., which are related to hypertension, anemia, some metabolic and endocrine dysfunction.
Abnormal urine: glomerulonephritis will cause the urine volume of the patients with the most less than most 1000ml every day, minority can appear less urine, often accompanied by edema; renal tubular dysfunction obviously, urine volume increased, and accompanied by frequent urination at night, edema is not obvious, and even signs of dehydration.
Renal hypertension: due to glomerular ischemia, increased renin secretion; oliguria and oliguria lead to retention of water and sodium, and effective circulating blood volume increases.
Effect of digestive system: chronic glomerulonephritis patients will affect the digestive system, resulting in nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool and other symptoms.
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