What are the risk factors for interstitial nephritis? The following is a detailed introduction to the risk factors for interstitial nephritis:
One. infection of interstitial nephritis
Pathogenic infection can have infection of bacteria, fungi and viruses and other pathogenic microorganisms, including Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus infection, severe sepsis, diphtheria, scarlet fever, mycoplasma pneumonia, syphilis, brucellosis, Legionella disease, hepatitis B virus antigenemia, cytomegalovirus infection, measles, typhoid, pyelonephritis.
Two. Systemic diseases of interstitial nephritis
Such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren syndrome, sarcoidosis, idiopathic cryoglobulinemia, non hematologic diseases, such as multiple myeloma, paroxysmal hemoglobinuria, lymphoproliferative disease, sickle cell disease etc..
Three. the cause of interstitial nephritis drugs can be pathogenic
With cyclosporine, aminoglycoside antibiotics, amphotericin B, analgesics, non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as cisplatin, related to long-term use.
Four. Heavy metal salts of interstitial nephritis
It may be related to long-term exposure such as cadmium, lithium, aluminum, gold and beryllium.
Five. The chemical toxicant or biological toxin of interstitial nephritis
Such as carbon tetrachloride, four vinyl chloride, methanol, ethylene glycol, cresol, nitrosourea or venom, bee venom, fish bile poison, muscarine poisoning history.
Six. Metabolic diseases of interstitial nephritis
Such as cystine, hypokalemia, uric acid nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy and amyloid nephropathy.
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