Chronic nephritis patients eat salty too thirsty to drink plenty of water, but their kidney salt removing drainage ability, salt and water retention in the blood, leading to increased blood volume and blood pressure, kidney and chronic nephritis patients with poor regulation of glomerular pressure fluctuations in blood pressure, hypertension can significantly increase the glomerular pressure. Lead to glomerular hyperperfusion, accelerate the process of chronic renal failure, severe form of heart failure. Too much water in the blood vessels can also leak from the blood vessels to form edema, such as eyelid edema, lower extremity edema, and even ascites, pleural effusion and pericardial effusion. It is precisely because the patients suffering from chronic nephritis can lead to edema, high blood pressure, heart failure and accelerate the process of renal failure. Eat light, less natural drinking water, urine volume of less than 1000 ml of the patient, should deliberately limit moisture. With salt seasoning should be limited, such as soy sauce, MSG (monosodium glutamate), sugar, vinegar, cooking can adjust the taste.
So whether to eat salt as little as possible, not even for good? No Normal kidneys retain sodium very good ability, when the body lacks sodium renal sodium excretion decreased significantly; while some patients with chronic nephritis and renal sodium capacity decreased, renal sodium deficiency in the body so the excretion of sodium, long form obvious hyponatremia". Patients feel tired and weak, blood pressure drops, severe brain edema life-threatening.
The number of patients with chronic nephritis daily intake of salt is appropriate? Chinese people eat a daily diet of about 10-15 grams of salt. There is no edema, high blood pressure and urine volume decreased in patients, should not be too strict restrictions, daily 5 grams, salt 1 kg bag to use half a year; to have the patient should be strictly limited in the daily 3 grams of salt, a bag of 1 kg for almost 1 years. 1 kg of salt can be pided into several copies, each in January, and then each pided into 30 copies per serving for 1 days. Patients with salt restriction should be checked regularly to prevent hyponatremia.
You cook can not balance salt, then how do you know the salt and water intake right? In fact, very simple, as long as the patient's family to buy a weight meter, weighing the weight every day. Normal adults living in the same law, the short term weight is not much change. If a few days of weight gain significantly, indicating that the body of sodium and water too much. But we should pay attention to eating, toileting, bathing will affect the weight, so after fasting should go to the toilet and then weighing, weighing if the dressing should be subtracted from the weight of the clothes, the best nude or a single weighing, in order to avoid error. Weight is particularly important for patients with edema, hypertension, and decreased urine output.
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