At present, the prevalence rate of hypertension in adults is 18.8% (the prevalence rate is about 160 million), the treatment rate of hypertension is about 24.7%, and the control rate is only about 6.1%. Hypertension is not a long-term effective control will cause a small body of atherosclerosis, leading to heart, brain, kidney, eye and other multiple organ damage, causing severe cardiovascular disease (heart failure, cerebral infarction), renal arteriosclerosis (late for uremia) and fundus disease (even blindness).
Hypertensive renal damage in patients with early asymptomatic, gradually after the occurrence of microalbuminuria, nocturia and other symptoms, in the late stage can be increased proteinuria, renal insufficiency and uremia. Therefore, in addition to regular examination of urine routine and renal function in patients with hypertension, but also to check urine microalbumin and B2 microspheres and other items to early detection of renal damage.
Prevention of hypertensive renal damage, the most important is to effectively control blood pressure (generally less than 130/80mmHg) to prevent or delay the occurrence of renal damage. We should actively improve eating habits, especially should limit salt intake, and actively and rationally use of antihypertensive drugs, such as diuretics, calcium antagonists, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB), beta blockers, a blocker etc..
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