Nutritional therapy is to increase the level of essential amino acids in patients with diabetic nephropathy through the intake of high quality low protein diet, so as to balance the proportion of amino acids in body and reduce the burden of renal excretion. How should nutritional therapy be implemented?
High quality and low protein diet. It is generally advocated that the protein of 0.6- 0.8 g / kg body weight is taken from the daily diet. Milk, eggs, fish, lean meat and other animal proteins, especially milk and egg protein. Plant protein should be reduced as much as possible. General should be fasting bean products, but also the appropriate limit staple food (rice and flour also contains a certain amount of plant protein).
Moderate calorie low fat diet. Potato powder, lotus root starch, vermicelli, taro, sweet potato, yam and other high calorie and low protein, can be selected as staple food; also available wheat starch, steamed bread, steamed buns and other Steamed Buns, can add heat, does not contain the protein, will not increase the burden on the kidneys.
The above staple food contains more carbohydrates, which may cause high blood sugar and can be controlled by the addition of insulin. The main food can be pided into meals, that is, to leave a portion of the staple food for 1~2 hours after the meal, and to effectively control the increase of blood sugar after the meal.
High calcium and low phosphorus diet. Diabetic nephropathy patients with renal dysfunction, electrolyte disorder with low calcium and high phosphorus is common, should pay attention to the intake of high calcium and low phosphorus diet. But it is regrettable that high calcium - containing foods are also high in phosphorus. So the high calcium and low phosphorus diet emphasizes the low phosphorus diet. In addition, the low protein diet itself can also achieve the purpose of low phosphorus.
A high cellulose diet. Eat more coarse grain (such as corn noodle, buckwheat noodle, etc.) and vegetables. It is suggested that the consumption of fresh vegetables be 300~500 grams per day and 100~200 grams of fruit.
In addition to nutritional therapy, depressurization, hypoglycemic, lipid regulation and combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine play an important role in delaying the progress of diabetic nephropathy. As long as the full attention, multi pronged, regular treatment, can delay the progression of nephropathy.
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