Diabetic nephropathy cause great harm to the human body, so early detection of diabetic nephropathy and early treatment is very important. If you want to find early diabetic nephropathy, we must understand the detection of diabetic nephropathy, to ensure a timely detection. So, what are the detection of diabetic nephropathy? The following is a detailed description.
blood sugar. Including fasting blood glucose and 2 hours postprandial blood glucose. Fasting blood glucose refers to overnight fasting blood glucose measured before breakfast blood, mainly reflects the basic insulin secretion function. 2 hours postprandial blood glucose is two hours after eating blood measured blood glucose values, reflecting the islet cell reserve capacity.
Glycated hemoglobin. Blood sugar is susceptible to dietary, activity, drug effects and frequent fluctuations, so random blood glucose can only reflect the blood sugar level instantaneous, can not reflect the blood glucose situation over time. The glycosylated hemoglobin is red blood cells in the hemoglobin and glucose binding products, can reflect the blood glucose two months before the average blood glucose level, is currently reflected in blood sugar control is more effective and more reliable indicators.
Immunological examination. Diabetes-related immunological tests are glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies, islet cell antibodies and insulin autoantibodies, etc., are mainly used for the classification of diabetes. Normal and type 2 diabetes patients were tested negative antibody.
Urine microalbumin determination. Diabetic patients prone to have renal damage, if not timely detection and treatment, will gradually develop into uremia.
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