Diabetes is a common disease in the elderly, brought great inconvenience to the patient in daily life, diet is an important means of treating diabetes, so patients must adhere to use, especially has caused complications such as nephropathy patients, must comply with the diet, avoid exacerbations. So, How does diabetic nephropathy patients diet?
Diabetic nephropathy patients should not eat spicy greasy food, diet should be light and fresh, may wish to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
Alcohol is strictly forbidden, because the alcohol contained in the wine only provides energy, and it is harmful to the liver for a long time, and it is easy to cause the increase of serum glycerin and three fat, which further aggravates the kidney disease patients' friends' condition. So patients friends try not to drink.
Eat food with high sodium content, in order to protect the friends of patients of kidney, diabetes diet should be light, the daily salt intake should be controlled in less than 7 grams.
Control drinking water. If the patient's friend has severe kidney failure, control the drinking water. Patients in the summer to the appropriate amount of water, it is necessary to emphasize the appropriate amount of water, because too much water will increase the burden on the kidneys.
Moderate restriction of potassium and protein intake. Because diabetic nephropathy is prone to acidosis and hyperkalemia, this disorder can lead to arrhythmia and hepatic coma, so potassium intake should be limited. Protein, however, contains more potassium, and controlling protein intake limits the amount of potassium.
Patients with diabetic nephropathy also pay attention to low fat, low calorie diet. Eat less fatty foods such as butter, lard, cream, fat and other cholesterol rich foods to prevent the development of atherosclerotic heart disease. Eat less easily elevated blood sugar foods, such as sugar and various food carbohydrates, honey, candied fruit, canned fruit, sweet drinks and sugar cakes.
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