In recent years, more and more people suffering from diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy on the human body has a great harm, then what is the clinical manifestations of diabetic nephropathy? Do you know proteinuria is also the clinical manifestations of diabetic nephropathy
The following talk details about the clinical symptoms of diabetic nephropathy
, hope that patients can learn more about it.
Proteinuria is one of the major manifestations of patients with diabetic nephropathy. Normal urine albumin excretion of 1.1-21.9μg / / min. In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy showed microalbuminuria, and radioimmunoassay and other sensitive devices in the determination of urinary protein excretion in 20-200μg / min (30-300mg / 24h), which is the main performance of diabetic nephropathy
in early stage, can predict the development of diabetic nephropathy, and prognosis also has a certain relationship.
Glomerular filtration rate increased
This symptom is an early functional change in the patient. The new incidence of T1DM and animal experiments show that increased glomerular filtration rate in the diagnosis of diabetes that already exists, and has continued to appear proteinuria. And the study of glomerular filtration rate in patients with T2DM less recently, some recently reported in the diagnosis and control of poor patients with T2DM, glomerular filtration rate also increased to some extent. Our study also confirmed this point, the glomerular filtration rate in patients with T2DM was 24.5% higher than that in normal controls,respectively 123.8ml / min / / 1.73M2 and 99.4ml / min1. 73M2.
Nephrotic syndrome is one of the manifestations of the patient
About one in 10 patients with diabetic nephropathy, at a certain stage of the course of the disease showed nephrotic syndrome, urinary protein> 3g // 24h, serum albumin decreased, edema, hypercholesterolemia. Most patients in the shorter term into the renal insufficiency, the prognosis is poor.
Patients may also have high blood pressure
Hypertension is a late manifestation of patients with diabetic nephropathy
. The expert study found that diabetic patients before the emergence of kidney disease, blood pressure has been increasing trend. Hypertension can accelerate the development of kidney disease, patients with hypertension, usually have renal failure in a shorter period of time.And effective antihypertensive therapy can delay the development of kidney disease, to extend the lives of patients.
Diabetic nephropathy should be done daily. Diabetic nephropathy in early symptoms is a lot of people, people should pay attention to the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy, once the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy, do a good job to avoid diabetic nephropathy, prevent diabetic recurrence.