Various primary or secondary renal diseases lead to progressive destruction of renal parenchyma, which can eventually develop into chronic renal failure.
(1) Primary glomerulonephritis: it is the main cause of chronic renal failure, which is the first cause, such as streptococcus glomerulonephritis, membranous proliferative nephritis, advanced glomerulonephritis, membranous glomerulonephritis, focal glomerulosclerosis and so on.
Secondary glomerulonephritis: kidney lesions such as lupus nephritis, purpura kidney and subacute infective endocarditis.
Chronic renal infections: the incidence of chronic renal failure due to chronic pyelonephritis is second only to primary glomerulonephritis, and renal tuberculosis can also lead to chronic renal failure.
Metabolic diseases, such as diabetic nephropathy, gout kidney, renal amyloidosis, among which the prognosis of chronic renal failure caused by diabetic nephropathy is the worst.
Long-term hypertension and arteriosclerosis can also lead to renal failure.
Chronic urinary tract obstruction, such as renal calculi, bilateral ureteral calculi, prostatic hyperplasia, urethral stricture and neoplasms.
Congenital kidney disease: such as polycystic kidney, hereditary nephritis, renal dysplasia, etc. It can be seen that all kinds of etiology can lead to chronic renal failure, so active treatment of primary disease, It is very important to avoid or delay the arrival of chronic renal failure.
In addition, it was also observed that some of the patients presented with chronic renal failure as soon as they developed the disease. The etiology and history of the disease were not clear, and it was difficult to determine after various physical and chemical examinations. For this condition, the possibility of developing into chronic renal failure by occult progression of chronic glomerulonephritis can be considered.
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