Relationship between Hypertension and Chronic Renal Failure

Relationship between Hypertension and Chronic Renal Failure

Hypertension, in the general population, blood pressure levels gradually increased with age, systolic blood pressure is more obvious, but after 50 years of age showed a downward trend in diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure also will be increased. Chronic renal failure (CRF) refers to a variety of causes of chronic progressive renal parenchymal damage, resulting in significant renal atrophy, can not maintain basic function, the clinical emergence of metabolic retention, water, electrolytes, acid-base balance disorders, systemic involvement The main manifestation of clinical syndrome.

Hypertension and chronic renal failure are closely related. Hypertension can cause kidney damage and can even develop into chronic kidney failure.

Chronic renal failure is a serious manifestation of kidney disease, hypertension caused by chronic renal failure is mainly due to essential hypertension can cause benign arteriolar nephrosclerosis and malignant arteriolar nephrosclerosis.

Chronic renal failure (referred to as chronic renal failure), also known as chronic renal insufficiency, usually patients over the age of 40, have a history of hypertension for 5 to 10 years before kidney damage occurs.

Hypertensive patients in the event of kidney damage, can be retrograde poor. Often can occur at the same time cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Few patients with low back pain and other kidney disease characteristics, easy to cause misdiagnosis.

Hypertensive renal damage is slow, a small part of the progressive development of renal failure, early only a small amount of proteinuria, mild renal dysfunction and urinary abnormalities. If the diastolic blood pressure (low pressure) of malignant hypertension is more than 120mmHg, with obvious cardio-cerebral complications and rapid development, a large number of proteinuria, often accompanied by hematuria, renal dysfunction; early TCM treatment, completely up to clinical cure.

To give a good low-protein diet 0.6 g / (kg body weight · day), rich in vitamin diet, such as eggs, milk and lean meat and other high-quality protein. The patient must consume enough calories, usually 30 to 35 kcal / (kg body weight · day). When necessary, staple food can be used to plant protein wheat starch.

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