Chronic renal failure usually occurs on the basis of a variety of chronic kidney diseases, slowly presenting with renal dysfunction and progressive deterioration, eventually leading to uremia. Many patients because of the onset of occult, or neglected the treatment of underlying diseases, to the late renal failure to treatment, this time the basic function of renal function has been lost, the drug treatment is often poor, need to dialysis or kidney transplantation and other alternative treatment. So, who are prone to renal failure?
Patients with primary glomerulonephritis. There are many types of primary glomerulonephritis, of which chronic glomerulonephritis caused the most common chronic renal failure. The exact cause of chronic glomerulonephritis is still unknown, insidious onset, longer course, the clinical manifestations were persified, there may be proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension, edema, etc., and have varying degrees of renal dysfunction, mild disease When heavy, and gradually developed into chronic renal failure.
Patients with diabetes and kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important complications of diabetes, especially in diabetes more than 5 years its incidence is higher, the performance of the kidney volume increases, increased glomerular filtration function, increased from urine microalbumin to a large amount of proteinuria , Elevated serum creatinine, renal dysfunction, etc., and eventually to end-stage renal failure. Most patients to be urine test abnormalities, edema or serum creatinine was significantly increased to renal surgery, this time has been the best time to delay treatment, drug treatment is often less than ideal.
Patients with hypertensive nephropathy. People all know that high blood pressure can cause heart disease and cerebrovascular disease. In fact, the continuous increase of blood pressure aggravates the burden on the kidneys and causes kidney damage. In the early stage, there is an increase of nocturia, followed by proteinuria, progressive impairment of renal function, Rise, and finally into renal failure.
Patients with polycystic kidney disease. Most patients often maintain normal kidney size or slightly larger, even can be found in small cysts, cysts with age, the number and size of both increased, the course of slow progress, most patients until the age of 40 after the onset of symptoms, performance Pain and discomfort for the waist and abdomen, hematuria, proteinuria, elevated blood pressure, and finally into the renal failure.
Patients with obstructive kidney disease. Urinary tract obstruction Urinary tract obstruction caused by renal damage called obstructive nephropathy. The common cause of urinary stones, prostate hypertrophy in the elderly and so on. Continued urinary tract obstruction will not lift, will cause irreversible renal damage and renal parenchyma damage, and ultimately will lead to renal failure.
Beijing In China