In the early stage of chronic renal disease , the renal function is impaired , and the prompt treatment can be controlled. But in the later stage of renal fibrosis, sclerosis. Kidney damage is irreversible. So what we need to do now is to slow down the progression of renal function and prevent uremia from coming in order to have more treatment opportunities.
Renal failure is an imminent "danger signal" for uremia, so you must know the early symptoms of renal failure:
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms in the early stage. After the destruction of renal tissue, the accumulation of toxins in the body is difficult to discharge, which will damage the digestive system and lead to nausea and vomiting.
Obvious changes in facial color, common patients with yellowing, dull, mild swelling, dry skin, luster, pigmentation, is also caused by the accumulation of toxins.
Hypertension, kidney damage, treatment of sodium and water function weakened, water and sodium retention in the body, increased blood volume, easy to cause blood pressure rise. Different patients, different degrees of hypertension.
Anemia, renal anemia is mainly caused by reduced erythropoietin, or by reduced erythrocyte longevity, hematopoietic substance deficiency, secondary infection and other factors.
Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, in the period of renal failure, the clearance rate of endogenous creatinine decreased to less than 20 ml / min, creatinine, urea nitrogen and other indicators increased, resulting in accumulation of toxins in the body. Water sodium out of the flow, causing water, electrolyte and acid and base balance imbalance.
With the progress of the disease, there will be different complications, such as high blood pressure, anemia, acidosis, etc. Timely review and follow-up is conducive to the doctor's understanding of the disease, can adjust the treatment plan according to the situation. Do not wait until complications crisis life to treat, reducing the potential danger.
The main indicators of nephropathy included urinary protein quantification, serum creatinine, hemoglobin, endogenous creatinine clearance rate, renal function, kidney B ultrasound and so on.
People with kidney disease should eat a diet of high quality, low protein, low salt, low fat, low potassium, low phosphorus, high fiber diet. The first three principles are basically from the early stage of nephropathy to the end of the disease, low potassium and low phosphorus diet is mainly the stage of renal failure and uremia should be noted, due to the accumulation of toxins at this time serious. Excessive levels of potassium and phosphorus can easily lead to hyperkalemia and itching of the skin, exacerbating the condition.
Beijing In China