Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a kind of chronic renal failure which occurs slowly on the basis of various renal diseases. A series of clinical syndromes occur when renal function develops to the imbalance of the internal environment. According to the degree of renal damage, it can be pided into the compensatory stage of renal insufficiency, the compensatory stage of renal insufficiency, also called the stage of renal failure, the stage of renal failure, and the end stage of uremia.
First of all, effective treatment of primary renal diseases or secondary renal damage may be necessary to prevent uremia. In addition, early treatment of uremia patients, prevent uremia complications, improve the survival rate and quality of life of patients.
In addition to the use of relevant drugs prescribed by the doctor's order, the patient should pay attention to the following points:
When using any drug, consult a kidney physician to avoid using drugs that damage the kidneys. Pay attention to rest, smoking drinking. Pay attention to hygiene, prevent cold and infection. Diet, low salt, low phosphorus, low fat, high quality protein diet. Limit the total protein intake, try to eat eggs, milk, fish, lean meat and other high-quality protein, reduce the intake of plant protein, such as beans, soy products, gluten products, stone fruit and so on. Wheat starch can be used as staple food instead of rice and pasta. High calorie intake, adequate intake of carbohydrates and fats, calories at least 30kcal/KG per day, weight loss or obesity should be modified as appropriate.
Drinking water, >1000ml of urine and no edema, should not limit the intake of water, and less urine, edema, heart failure, should strictly control the amount of water, daily weight is not increased by one kilogram limit, while the amount of water for the previous day total urine volume plus 500~700ml.
Sodium restriction, oliguria, edema, hypertension, patients a day should not exceed 5 grams of edible salt. Low phosphorus diet, attention to high phosphorus foods: total glutenin and products, viscera, stone and sauce products, chocolate, egg yolk and other intake.
Above is the specific analysis of how to prevent chronic renal failure as we do, kidney patients to protect renal function, in addition to the treatment to actively cooperate with the doctors, in daily life should pay attention to nursing, especially in strict accordance with the provisions of the diet, the only way to prevent and delay renal failure, improve life quality.
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