Does renal failure dialysis need to eat? Renal failure in patients with kidney damage has been in the function will be a decline. For the normal detoxification of the kidneys, regardless of the treatment or diet on the need for careful attention. Especially for dialysis patients with renal failure, long-term dialysis will be more damage to the kidneys. So, how does kidney failure dialysis?
The country's best uremic treatment hospital Hefei kidney hospital kidney disease experts told kidney failure dialysis patients specific diet points are the following:
〓 daily intake of reasonable protein: the human body has eight essential amino acids: valine, leucine, isoleucine, threonine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, lysine and methionine. These amino acids can not be synthesized in the body, must be provided by the food, it is called essential amino acids. The other 12 kinds of amino acids can be synthesized in vivo, called non-essential amino acids. We will be pided into two categories of food containing protein: a class of high bio-protein, also known as high-quality protein, can provide the most complete amount and proportion of the necessary essential amino acid spectrum, synthetic human protein utilization is high, less metabolic waste The This kind of food is egg white, milk, beef, poultry, pork, fish, etc .; the other is low quality protein, also known as non-high quality protein, including essential amino acids, such as rice, flour, fruit, beans, vegetables Of the plant protein. Hemodialysis patients choose protein food, the requirements of more than 2/3 with the necessary amino acids and more high price of protein. These high-quality protein than plant protein utilization, resulting in less urea, and delicious.
〓 soy products rich in phosphorus, kidney failure patients need to be used with caution: every 100 grams of food in the phosphorus content of 100 mg of rice, noodles, bread, milk, yogurt, fish cake, fish balls, scallops, Content of 100-200 mg of food with beans and soy products, fish and shellfish, squid, octopus, crab, bacon. Phosphorus content of 200-300 mg of food is broad beans, eggs, sardines, blue, tuna, salmon, flounder, shrimp, chicken, ham, sausage, walnut. Phosphorus content of 300-400 mg of food is eel, sea urchin, (pig, cow, chicken) liver, peanut. Phosphorus content of more than 400 mg of food with refined cheese, skim milk powder, dried fish, kelp and so on. Hemodialysis patients should choose low phosphorus content of food.
〓 sodium intake of excessive intake of renal failure will promote blood pressure in patients with patients should be based on the regulation. There are high blood pressure, sodium and water retention, should avoid salt food, such as salt seasoning, pickles, pickled foods (pickles, salted eggs, bacon, salted fish), canned food.
〓 excessive water supplement will lead to increased renal kidney disease: blood transfusion in patients with water intake should be controlled. Daily total fluid volume should be 500 ml of urine output, 500 ml is the skin and respiratory tract evaporated out. Here the amount of liquid, not only refers to water, beverages, but also food and drugs in the water. The following describes the approximate water content in food: 90% -100% water content of food: such as water, beverages, milk, soup, liquid condiments. 75% water content of food: such as cooked Lai, mashed potatoes, curd, milk cereal porridge. 50% water content of food: such as rice, noodles, cooked potatoes, thick milk cereal. 25% water content of food: such as fried potatoes, slightly baked pasta. Water content or no trace of food: no soup of meat, fish, eggs, cheese, butter, honey, biscuits.
〓 potassium ion intake can cause sudden death in patients with renal failure: hemodialysis patients to reduce the intake of potassium. Potassium high food more, but through the cooking method can go to potassium. Such as: vegetables: chopped into the water cooked, abandoned food, can reduce the potassium 1 / 2-2 / 3. Ultra-low temperature frozen food than fresh food content less 1/3. Canned food in the fruit, vegetable content is low, but can not eat its juice. Potatoes: cut into small pieces, soaked in water 1 day, to constantly change the water, this method can reduce the potassium content of 1 / 2-2 / 3. Fruit: add sugar boiled water, eat flesh, can reduce potassium 1/2.
Does renal failure dialysis need to eat? Through the above for the renal failure in patients with food taboo in detail, patients need to pay attention to a healthy diet on the patient's help has a positive meaning, can better improve the quality of life of patients with renal failure dialysis and treatment! Hope that patients with renal failure dialysis in life to adhere to a positive diet, to maintain a healthy eating habits, and thus better adjuvant therapy!
Beijing In China